Coal Fungus (Tinder – Mosquito Repellent)
Daldinia Concentrica is also known as the coal fungus it can be found on dead or decomposing ash trees when dry this fungus can take a spark from a ferrocerium rod and it can burn for many hours as well as its use in fire lighting it can also be used as a mosquito repellent simply split the top of a stick into four using your knife use small sticks to wedge it open place your smoldering crumpled fungus inside and cover with moss this will create a pungent smoke which will deter flying bugs from your camp these bug torches can burn for many hours and can be moved from place to place.
Tin Can Fishing Hook – Tin Can Wood Stove
Tin cans have many uses in the survival world snap off the ring and pull by gently moving it backward and forwards break one end of the ring and bend it 90 degrees using a stone sharpen the tip by rubbing it against the rough surface to create a sharp point now you have a makeshift fishing hook tie this to some string or fishing line bait it up with worms, grubs or maggots and you are good to go. The rest of the tin can be used to make a candle lantern or stove using your knife and some gloves so you don’t cut yourself cut down the length of the tin can then make two more cuts across the top and the bottom of your first cut it should form the shape of a capital I gently fold out the sidewalls of the can and you have a candle lantern with built-in wind deflectors if you need to cook food or boil water simply light a fire and add twigs to the stove place your cooking container on top and just keep feeding twigs to keep the fire going you can get a much stronger flame by facing the opening of the tin can towards the wind the extra oxygen being forced into the fire will result in a more efficient burn.
Conifer Trees produce resin a sticky glue-like substance which helps the tree protect itself from various pests and heal any wounds from broken branches you can collect the white resin using your knife or a stick I would recommend using a stick as the resin is hard to get off your knife, collect it in a metal container a tin can works well put this on the fire and wait for it to melt once melted it will look like black tar this is called pitch it is very flammable due to the high levels of resin when it has cooled begin molding it around a small stick you can use your hand once it is cool enough to do so once it has completely cooled it will go rock-hard this is nature’s primitive glue you can take it with you in your camping kit and melt it back down again whenever you need it I use some recently to weather seal some mortise and tenon joints on a project were are working on.
Make Cord or Rope
If you find yourself in the wilderness and you have no cordage nature can provide the roots of many Conifer Trees that grow relatively shallow even more so in densely populated Woodlands where these trees are fighting for light simply use a stick and dig down a few inches until you find a root follow the route along and gently pull it up take off the rigid outer layer of the root using two sticks this will expose the flexible inner layer you can meet the root even more flexible by further splitting it down with a knife you can then take this one step further by bashing the roots with a stick to break up the fibers if you soak them in water for an hour or so this will make it easier to tie knots with you can use the root as it is for a simple binding or you can weave two or three roots together to make two or three-ply rope this will be much stronger than just the root on its own use the roots to lash sticks together when building bushcraft shelters or making primitive traps.
Sadly plastic bottles are all too common in the wild these days but they can come in handy in a survival situation. First cut the bottle in half and keep the cap on gather some moss and put this in first the cap will stop it from falling out to compress this down and then add some grass next add some small stones and then a layer of larger stones this layering system will help to catch dirt particles from muddy water. Take off the cap and with another container gently pour in the dirty water the stones will catch the larger particles and the grass and moss will filter out smaller particles you can already see the difference in color with the first pour but after two or three pours you will really begin to notice a difference. Now that the plastic bottle has filtered the water it’s not completely safe to drink you will need to boil the water afterward in order for it to be drinkable you can also use wood ash and charcoal from the fire or sand in part of your filter.